Dr. Robert Kibugi
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Dr. Robert Kibugi | Senior Lecturer in Law | Email: rmkibugi@uonbi.ac.ke

University of Nairobi Profile

Dr. Robert Kibugi is a Senior Lecturer, at the School of Law, University of Nairobi. He was previously a lecturer in law at the University of Nairobi’s Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law (CASELAP) and School of Law. He previously taught at the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, in Canada. He holds a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) and a Master of Laws (LL.M) from the School of Law, University of Nairobi. Further, Kibugi holds a Doctor of Laws (LL. D) Degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa; and is an advocate of the High Court of Kenya and a member of the Law Society of Kenya. He has over 15 years’ experience as a lawyer specializing in land, land use, climate change, water and environmental law, policy development, legal drafting, and governance systems. 

His legal and policy research agenda focuses on, among other subjects, reforms and development of law and policy in the fields of public participation in natural resource governance; land use law for sustainable development; climate change, including the role of law and policy in the adaptation and mitigation of climate change; energy law; water resources management and rights; and water and sanitation. Dr. Kibugi has extensive experience in development of law and policy frameworks, including design and drafting of the 2016 Climate Change Act, and the National Climate Change Framework Policy; working on development of a New National Water Policy for Kenya (2018-2019); and development of regulations for the Water Act 2016. He also has experience in development and delivery of training and capacity building programmes, including training environmental law lecturers on teaching methods for effective delivery of course content; and different professional level capacity building programmes for lawyers, entrepreneurs, etc., on environmental law and other legal aspects.

Dr. Kibugi previously served on the Board of Governors of the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law (2013-2016), elected to represent Africa; Lead Counsel for Climate Change at the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL, 2013-2017), and as Chairperson of the Taskforce advising the Government of Kenya on implementation of the decision of the African Court concerning the land claims of the Ogiek community in the Mau Forest, appointed in November 2018. 



  1. Kibugi, R.,  and Ituarte-Lima, C., 2018. Co-chairs’ Summary Report of the Peer-to-peer Dialogue on the human right to a healthy environment and SDGs: weaving SDG 16 and human rights law with the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, SwedBio/Stockholm Resilience Centre, International Development Law Organization, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) – Special Procedures, UN Environment and Natural Justice
  2. Kibugi, Robert, Political Economy Analysis of Climate Change Interventions in Kenya: Who Benefits and Who Loses? Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Kenya 2018 (Policy Brief) Online: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/kenia/14812.pdf
  3. Kibugi Robert, Ibrahim Mwathane & Mwenda Makathimo Large Scale Land Acquisitions for Investment in Kenya: Is the participation, and benefits of affected local communities meaningful, and equitable? A case study of the situation in Lamu, Isiolo and Siaya Counties. (Land Development and Governance Institute, Nairobi, October, 2016). Available at: http://www.ldgi.org/index.php/research
  4. Kibugi R., Lofts K., Sharowat S., Sharaban Z., SDG 13 on Taking Action on Climate Change and its Impacts: Contributions of International Law, Policy and Governance (CISDL & UNEP, Montreal, Canada, Issue Brief, 2016
  5. Kibugi R, Improving Coherence between Climate Change Adaptation Policies and Broader Development Policies at County Level: Case Study of Baring and Kitui Counties in Kenya(Heinrich Boell Stiftung, Eastern and Horn of Africa, 2015) 
  6. Kibugi R. , Dalupan, Cecilia M. G., Haywood Caroline, Wardell Andrew D., Cordonnier-Segger M. -C., Building enabling legal frameworks for sustainable land-use investments in Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique: A synthesis(CIFOR & IDLO, Indonesia, 2015)
  7. Kibugi, Robert, Wardell Andrew D., Cordonnier-Segger M. - C., Haywood Caroline, and Gift R. Enabling legal frameworks for sustainable land-use investments in Tanzania: Legal assessment report, (CIFOR & IDLO, Indonesia, 2015)
  8. Kibugi R., Chiziane, E., Gift R., Wardell DA, Cordonnier-Segger M.C., and Haywood C., Legal frameworks enabling sustainable land-use investment in Mozambique: Current strengths and opportunities for improvement, (CIFOR & IDLO, Indonesia, 2015
  9. Kibugi, Robert & Makathimo, Mwenda Non-Citizens and Land Tenue in Kenya: Land Acquisitions for Investments in a New Constitutional Era (Nairobi: Land Development and Governance Institute, July 2012)
  10. Kibugi Robert., Kheng Lian, Koh.,Rose-Liza Eisma Osorio.,Ilan Kelman(August 2015), Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences (Singapore, World Scientific - http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/9642)

Book Chapters:

  1. Common but differentiated responsibilities in a North-South context: assessment of the evolving practice under climate change treaties, Kibugi, Robert, Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law, p.613-626, (2018)
  2. Robert Kibugi (2017) “Soil health, sustainable land management and land degradation in Africa: Legal options on the need for a specific African soil Convention or Protocol”  International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy, Springer, 2017
  3. Robert Kibugi (2016)“Evaluating the Role of Private Land Tenure Rights in Sustainable Land Management for Agriculture in Kenya” in Harald Ginzky.Irene Heuser,Tianbao Qin.Oliver C. Ruppel &Patrick Wegerdt (eds) International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy, Springer 
pp. 219 – 236.
  4. Robert Kibugi (2017) “Adaptation to climate change in smallholder agriculture in Kenya: the role of law” in Mary Jane Angelo & Anél Du Plessis (Eds) Research Handbook on Climate Change and Agricultural Law(Edward Elgar), pp.367 - 384
  5. Robert Kibugi, (2016) “Land Use and Climate Change: Using Planning Tools to Enhance Climate Adaptation in Kenya” in Randall Abate, (Ed) Climate Justice: Case Studies in Global and Regional Governance Challenges(Environmental Law Institute, December 2016, Washington D.C.) pp. 389-410
  6. Kibugi R., Legal Options for Mainstreaming Climate Change Disaster Risk Reduction in Governance for Kenya, in Kibugi Robert., Kheng Lian, Koh.,Rose-Liza Eisma Osorio.,Ilan Kelman(Editors), Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences (Singapore, World Scientific, 2015
  7. Kibugi R, "Conceptualizing Regulatory Frameworks to Forge Citizen Roles to Deliver Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Kenya," in Wouters, Jan; Ninio, Alberto; Doherty, Teresa; Cissé, Hassane. 2015(Eds.) The World Bank Legal Review, Volume 6. Improving Delivery in Development : The Role of Voice, Social Contract, and Accountability.Washington, DC: World Bank. © World Bank. http://issuu.com/world.bank.publications/docs/9781464803789_part1/1
  8. Kibugi R, The Constitutional Basis of Public Participation in Environmental Governance: Framing Equitable Opportunities at National and County Government Levels in Kenyain Hassane Cisse; N.R Madhava Menon; Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger & Vincent O. Nmehielle (eds) “Fostering Development through Opportunity, Inclusion and Equity,”World Bank Legal Review No. 5, 2013
  9. Kibugi R, Mainstreaming Sustainable Development into National Climate Change Responses: Assessing the Legal Options to Reinforce Equity” in Climate Change: International Law and Global Governance inOC Ruppel / C Roschmann / K Ruppel-Schlichting (Eds) Nomos Publishers, Germany, 2013
  10. Kibugi, Robert, “Implementing Stewardship in Kenyan Land Use Law: The Case for a Sustainability Extension” in Paul Martin, Anel Du Plessiss, Yves LeBouthilier, Li Zhiping & Qin Tianbao (eds)Environmental Governance and Sustainability (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2012)  
  11. Kibugi, Robert, “Development and Balancing of Interests in Kenya” in Michael Faure & Willemien du Plessiss (eds) Balancing of Interests in Environmental Law in Africa (Pretoria: Pretoria University Law Press, 2012
  12. Kibugi, Robert, “Enhanced Access to Environmental Justice in Kenya: Assessing the Role of Judicial Institutions” in Jamie Benidickson, Antonio Herman Benjamin, Ben Boer and Karen Morrow (eds) Environmental Law and Sustainability After Rio (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2011) Online: http://www.e-elgar.co.uk/bookentry_main.lasso?currency=UK&id=14377
  13. Kibugi, Robert, “Mineral Resources and the Mining Industry in Kenya” in Charles Okidi, Patricia Kameri-Mbote & Migai Akech (eds) Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law(Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 2008), p.355

Peer-Reviewed Journals:

(i) Community Perceptions of Ecosystem Services and the Management of Mt. Marsabit Forest in Northern Kenya, Ouko, Caroline, Mulwa Richard, Kibugi Robert, Owuor Margaret, Zaehringer Julie, and Oguge Nicholas , Environments, Volume 5, Issue 11, p.121, (2018) 

(ii)  Kibugi R, Katherine Lofts, Sharowat Shamin, Sharaban Tahura Zaman,“SDG 13 On Taking Action on Climate Change and Its Impacts: Contributions of International Law, Policy and Governance” McGill Journal of Sustainable Development Law, Vol 13(1), Spring 2017

(iii) Kibugi R., Habtezion Senay., Kasimbazi E., et al“Earth System Governance in Africa: knowledge and capacity needs” Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2015, 14:198–205, online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343515000615

(iv) Kibugi R, “An Anatomy of Evolving Constitutionally Mandated Environmental Law Changes in Kenya during 2014” 5 IUCNAEL (2015)eJournal. See more at: http://www.iucnael.org/en/e-journal/current-issue-#sthash.E0fCfuti.dpuf

 (v) Kibugi R, Book Review: The Canadian Law of Toxic Torts (Lynda Collins & Heather Mcleod-Kilmurray).5 IUCNAEL (2015)eJournalSee more at: http://www.iucnael.org/en/e-journal/current-issue#sthash.E0fCfuti.dpuf

(vi) Kibugi R, " Mainstreaming climate change into public policy functions: Legal options to reinforce sustainable development of Kenya” FAMU Law Review, Spring 2013

(vii) Kibugi R, Book Review: Ours by Right: Law, Politics and Realities of Community Property in Kenya, (P. Kameri-Mbote, C. Odote, C. Musembi and M. Kamande2013 (17(1) Nomadic Pastoralist Journal

(viii) Kibugi, Robert, “New Constitutional Environmental Law in Kenya: Changes in 2010” 2011(1) IUCN Academy of Environmental Law e-Journal, 136-142. (A Country Report) online: http://www.iucnael.org/en/e-journal/current-issue-.html

 (ix) Kibugi, Robert, “Training Lawyers for the Market: What role for Academics in Sub-Saharan African societies? Perspectives from Kenya” 43(1) 2009 The Law Teacher Journal January, 37-48. Online:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03069400802703136

  (x) Kibugi, Robert, “A Failed Land Use Legal and Policy Framework for the African Commons? Reviewing Rangeland Governance in Kenya” 24(2) 2009 Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law, 310 -336.  Online:http://www.law.fsu.edu/journals/landuse/vol24_2/kibugi.pdf